October 30th, 1998



                                  United States Court of Appeals,

                                          Eleventh Circuit.

                                            No. 97-5146

                                      Non-Argument Calendar.

                        UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,


                              Travis HORTON, Defendant-Appellant.

                                            Oct. 30, 1998.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. (No. 96-8027-CR-
DTKH), Daniel T.K. Hurley, Judge.

Before TJOFLAT, EDMONDSON and BLACK, Circuit Judges.

       PER CURIAM:

       Appellant Travis Horton appeals his 126-month sentence for possession with intent to

distribute crack cocaine, in violation of 

21 U.S.C. § 841

(a)(1). Appellant contends that the district

court erred by including his prior conviction for simple assault in his criminal history calculation.

       Appellant argues that his simple assault conviction is similar to convictions for disorderly

conduct, disturbing the peace, hindering or failing to obey a police officer, and resisting arrest, all

of which, under U.S.S.G. § 4A1.2(c)(1), are not included in a defendant's criminal history

calculation.1 Appellant's argument is without merit; assault is not similar to the offenses listed in

    U.S.S.G. § 4A1.2(c) provides in part:

       Sentences for all felony offenses are counted. Sentences for misdemeanor and petty
       offenses are counted, except as follows:

       (1) Sentences for the following prior offenses and offenses similar to them, by whatever
              name they are known, are counted only if (A) the sentence was a term of
              probation of at least one year or a term of imprisonment of at least thirty days, or
U.S.S.G. § 4A1.2(c)(1). See United States v. Elmore, 

108 F.3d 23

, 26-27 (3d Cir.) (assault not

similar to disorderly conduct), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 

118 S.Ct. 110


139 L.Ed.2d 63


United States v. Russell, 

913 F.2d 1288

, 1294 (8th Cir.1990) (affirming district court's inclusion of

convictions for assault and criminal damage to property in criminal history calculation; court stated

that appellant "submitted no authority for the proposition that assault and criminal damage to

property is akin to disorderly conduct or disturbing the peace"); see also United States v. Norman,

129 F.3d 1393

, 1401 & n. 12 (10th Cir.1997) (stating it would be an absurd result to exclude assault

from the criminal history calculation pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 4A1.2(c)(1)); United States v. Kemp,

938 F.2d 1020

, 1023 (9th Cir.1991) (stating that "the crime of "domestic violence' under Arizona

law includes both disorderly conduct, which is excluded by the explicit language of the Guidelines,

and assault, which is included" (footnote omitted)); United States v. Hoelscher, 

914 F.2d 1527


1537 (8th Cir.1990) (court noted that assault is not similar to offenses set out in U.S.S.G. §

4A1.2(c)(1) and (2)). We therefore affirm the judgment entered by the district court.


               (B) the prior offense was similar to an instant offense:


                       Disorderly conduct or disturbing the peace


                       Hindering or failure to obey a police officer


                       Resisting arrest